Thursday, August 27, 2020
Madhu Babu. K, Contact me in 08105837859, Youth And Politics Youth are youthful age of the nation. They assume an indispensable job in the improvement of nation. We will compose a custom paper test on Youth and Politics or on the other hand any comparative point just for you Request Now A renowned author Sri Sri(Srirangam Srinivas)said that Ã¢â¬Å"Our nation isn't in the possession of sluggish and tainted old politicians,this nation is our own I. e youthÃ¢â¬ . A nation with great political government is supposed to be created nation. Be that as it may, government officials are getting out of hand. They are essentially focussing on winning benefits and dismissing improvement of individuals as welll as nation. Everybody is telling that Ã¢â¬Å"Politics is tainted. Yet, legislative issues isn't debased. Lawmakers are corruptedÃ¢â¬ . Prior ordinary citizens fear police officers. However, presently cops fear legislators. We need lawmakers like Shyam Prasad Mukherjee,Dr. B. R. Ambedkar,Abdul Kalam,lal Bahdur Shastry,Kamraj Nadar,Prakasam Panthulu and so on to dispose of debasement and furthermore for improvement of nation. By and large individuals used to tell Ã¢â¬Å"Youth is ruined. However, ruined is PoliticsÃ¢â¬ . Youth should hold hands to enter governmental issues to shield our nation from old orrupting legislators. Youth have the ability to do anything. Youth ought to be urged to enter legislative issues. This is conceivable just by instructive foundations. A compulsoy subject about governmental issues ought to be acquainted in schools with make a craving among youthful age to enter legislative issues. In times past a youngster from each famil y will join military armed force to secure their realm. Correspondingly an understudy from each instructive organization ought to enter governmental issues to ensure and build up our nation. Ther are universities for Engineering,Medicine,Management and so forth. Why canÃ¢â¬â¢t we have a school for governmental issues? Everybody is telling that Educatin gives information. Governmental issues with knowledgabie youth will prompt advancement of the nation. Be that as it may, youth are applying their insight in different fields. Each understudy/youth is telling that they will become Engineer or Doctor. In any case, nobody is telling that Ã¢â¬Å"they will become POLITICIANÃ¢â¬ . Despite the fact that our nation is supposed to be Democratic,it is in the possession of government officials and their families. The arrangement of giving political seata to his/her family members or family on the off chance that he/she(politician) is dead ought to be changed. A few lawmakers are utilizing Youth for criminal operations. So youth ought to know about them. As a result of those government officials youth are additionally getting undermined. For a steady government Youth ought to enter legislative issues. Youth ought not blend with defiled government officials. By offering chances to youth new thoughts can be produced and better arrangements can be acquired for complex issues. There is retirement for each activity. In any case, government officials are not following retirement. Consequently a slight change must be made in our constitution that Ã¢â¬Å"Any lawmaker who are over 65 years must be resigned from his positionÃ¢â¬ Though legislators with more age have understanding and take better choices the position ought to be given to his subordinates dependent on the experience after retirement of his/her post. Youth are casting a ballot at age of 18. Why canÃ¢â¬â¢t they demonstrate enthusiasm to enter legislative issues by age 21? Youth ought to be given possibility by every single ideological group to enter governmental issues. A specific reservation in legislative issues ought to be offered necessarily to youth in governmental issues. Not just youth alone can create nation. Be that as it may, youth with some accomplished Politicians will be useful to create nation. Let us recall the expressions of Sri Rabindranath Tagore. He wrote in Ã¢â¬Å"GtanjaliÃ¢â¬ that he needs to see our nation Ã¢â¬Å"as paradise where there is no self image hurtings,one individual won't take others,every individual is upbeat and live happilyÃ¢â¬ . To make our nation Ã¢â¬Å"Sujalm,Suphalam,MatharamÃ¢â¬ Youth ought to enter Politics. Step by step instructions to refer to Youth and Politics, Papers
Saturday, August 22, 2020
Tropical storms IN THE UNITED STATES AND OTHER GEOGRAPHICAL AREAS - Research Paper Example Tropical storms are one of the most wrecking regular wonders known to man. They are chactacterised by solid breezes, storm floods, and substantial rainfalls, all of which when joined, prompts broad loss of human life, demolition of property and biological systems and the modification of scenes. Meaning of storms and an investigation of their development procedure A typhoon is a spiraling and ground-breaking type of a tropical violent wind, which begins from warm ocean surface and afterward moves towards the territory. With the goal for tropical storms to be framed, the ocean water must have surface warmth of in excess of 27 degrees. This temperature level outcomes in the arrival of dampness and warmth into the air. As the ocean dampness rises it consolidates to shape storm mists. During buildup, heat (inactive warmth of buildup) is discharged into the environment. It is this warmth which pushes the tropical storm. The idle warmth makes the climatic air warm in this way making the air rise further. The void left by the risen air gets involved by extra wet air from the outside of the sea in a persistent, repeating design. This outcomes in the development of a breeze design which is roundabout in nature. This is what is known as a storm. Given that a tropical storm stays over an ocean surface of 27 degrees and higher, it continues pulling dampne ss from the ocean, in this way expanding in size and in force. Impelled by the inactive warmth and wind designs in the ocean, the typhoon may then head towards land where it at long last loses its energy.
Friday, August 21, 2020
Key Ways To Help You Take Your Business To New Heights Make Money Online Queries? Struggling To Get Traffic To Your Blog? Sign Up On (HBB) Forum Now!Key Ways To Help You Take Your Business To New HeightsUpdated On 01/07/2019Author : Ram kumarTopic : BusinessShort URL : https://hbb.me/2RKZ0At CONNECT WITH HBB ON SOCIAL MEDIA Follow @HellBoundBlogRight now, the business era we are going through is constantly changing. Year after years thereâs something new to take in. That means there are going to be a lot of things you may have to make changes with. In order to grow and improve in the business world, you have to be willing to adapt just about everything. A lot of business elements like cash flow, social media platforms, and other areas are always open to change. So, in order for you to succeed you have to make sure you do things thatâll help you reach that improvement.There are a lot of ways for you to do what needs to be done, you just have to keep these tips in mind at all times.Keep A Record Of Your Financial ScoreNumbers are a s ignificant part of the business world mainly covering all numbers from a daily to a monthly basis. This is something that every business owner should remember even if you are just starting out. Keeping all of your numbers and scores as organized as possible is going to be a vital matter to attend to. Especially when you are expecting changes in your cash flow too. If there is any slacking in the financial areas then things may get ugly really fast. Even if you have to seek professional help, donât hesitate to do so in order to keep things afloat.Keep Track Of Trends ChangesItâs kind of difficult to sit back and say that every business operates perfectly without making any changes. Business owners would love for that to be true, but thatâs not really possible. Things are always going to change whether it is on a technological front or how the world is running. A lot of business owners like to pay close attention to trends, which is pretty helpful. You may come across something that can be useful like the use of an employee app, or different ways to keep things secure. Staying on top of different trends can help you make it through the ups and downs of the business industry.READIs Email Signature a Must In Corporate BrandingContinue Looking For The Best PracticesJust like a lot of matters in the world, practice is going to make perfect as time moves forward. In some cases, itâs best to keep everything as transparent as possible. Being able to do things at an effective rate is beneficial for many reasons. This means you have to go through testing, sufficient monitoring, and the approval of new practices. By taking in new practices like the use of an employee app you will be able to run your business a lot smoother and much easier. You may even want to consider recording previous practices while you take on the new ones.The more you do for your business the better, and as the owner, you have to make sure everything is running at an efficient rate. There i snât anything wrong with making changes that need to be made. Especially if it means you can take your company or business in a new direction.
Monday, May 25, 2020
In monetary policy, exchange rates serve either as a target, an instrument or an indicator depending whether it is fixed or floating. Conversely, the focus of this essay is on floating exchange rates, the countries that applied it in the 1970s and its chief advantages. The paper argues that the chief advantages to letting a countryÃ¢â¬â¢s currency float on the exchange rates are threefold. First, it is principally determined by market forces thus underlying this fact is the efficient allocation of resources. Secondly, countries with floating exchange rates have independent and autonomous monetary policy. Lastly, the central bank has no need to intervene; capital mobility is possible. These advantages will be analysed using the realism and the analytical liberalism approaches. Specifically, the paper examines countries from the 1970s that followed floating exchange rates. To do so, the assumptions of the two approaches will be surveyed. A historical account of G-10 countries that moved to floating exchange rates later in the 1970s will be examined. Realism believes that power relationships matter most for states. In other words, it is an international relations paradigm that relies heavily on the importance of power and the anarchic nature of the international system. In analysing the floating exchange rate system, realists look for the role of the single hegemonic state or the concentration of power to one state. This is a system level theory that looks for what the hegemonShow MoreRelatedThe Impossible Trinity836 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesINTERNATIONAL FINANCE Ã¢â¬Å"The impossible TrinityÃ¢â¬ Has the Ã¢â¬Å"Managed FloatÃ¢â¬ approach worked for Trinidad and Tobago? The Impossible Trinity: Managed Float in Trinidad and Tobago International economics holds the hypothesis that itÃ¢â¬â¢s impossible for a country to simultaneously execute: 1. A fixed exchange rate 2. Free capital movement and, 3. An independent monetary policy This trilemma or Ã¢â¬Å"Impossible TrinityÃ¢â¬ as it is commonly referred to, is one of those aspects of the natureRead MorePolicy Making Processes : China s Exchange Rate Policy1642 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesChinaÃ¢â¬â¢s Exchange Rate Policy from Regulatory Capture ChinaÃ¢â¬â¢s exchange rate policy: Ã¢â¬Å"a dirty floatÃ¢â¬ Exchange rate measures the value of one countryÃ¢â¬â¢s currency through another countryÃ¢â¬â¢s currency, so it acts a significant role in international trade, by which I mean a wide range term, not only infers import and export trade, but also includes offshore financial transaction and futures trading, even transactions in foreign travel. Therefore, exchange rate policy is an important part of a countryÃ¢â¬â¢s policyRead MoreIntroduction Of The Foreign Exchange Market Essay1325 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesForeign Exchange Market As the leading financial market in the world, the Foreign Exchange Market consists of several types of financial institutions, such as, investors, such as, central banks, brokers, and investment firms. The Foreign Exchange Market does not have an actual physical location; it is a worldwide system of computers. Currency traders are linked together from all over the world by these computers. Once currency traders enter the network, the computers allow them to exchange currenciesRead MoreIntroduction Of The Foreign Exchange Market1610 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesForeign Exchange Market As the leading financial market in the world, the Foreign Exchange Market consists of several types of financial institutions, such as, investors, such as, central banks, brokers, and investment firms. The Foreign Exchange Market does not have an actual physical location; it is a worldwide system of computers. Currency traders are linked together from all over the world by these computers. Once currency traders enter the network, the computers allow them to exchange currenciesRead MoreIntroduction Of The Foreign Exchange Market Essay1743 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesForeign Exchange Market As the leading financial market in the world, the Foreign Exchange Market consists of several types of financial institutions, such as, investors, such as, central banks, brokers, and investment firms. The Foreign Exchange Market does not have an actual physical location; it is a worldwide system of computers. Currency traders are linked together from all over the world by these computers. Once currency traders enter the network, the computers allow them to exchange currenciesRead MoreExchange Rate Mechanisms9910 Words Ã |Ã 40 PagesINTRODUCTION An exchange rate is the price at which one countrys currency must pay in order to buy one unit of another countyÃ¢â¬â¢s currency on the foreign exchange market. The concept of exchange rate mechanism may be explained as the technique employed by the governments in order to manage and control their respective currencies in the context of the other major currencies of the world. There are 5 exchange rate mechanisms established which each of it is meant to be followed by government regardingRead MoreForeign Exchange Market Essay example786 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pageschoose can exchange rate system to determine how prices in the home country currency are converted into prices in another countryÃ¢â¬â¢s currency (every country) Ã¢â¬ ¢ A managed floating exchange rate refers to (an exchange rate that is not pegged, but does not float freely) Ã¢â¬ ¢ A small country with strong economic ties to a larger country should (PEG ((HARD OR SOFT)) THEIR EXCHANGE RATE TO THE LARGER COUNTRYÃ¢â¬â¢S CURRENCY) Ã¢â¬ ¢ An increase in the real exchange rate (real depreciation of domestic currency) will resultRead More Foreign Exchange Market Essay1629 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesForeign Exchange Market The foreign exchange market is one of the most important financial markets. It affects the relative price of goods between countries and so can affect trade. It means that it affects the price of imports and so affects a countryÃ¢â¬â¢s price level (inflation rate). It also affects the international investment and financing decision. In this project, we will try to find why exchange rate would give many risks to a company and how a company can hedge itself. DefinitionRead MoreThe Rise Of Free Trade942 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesfollowing advantages of the International trade: The International trade: .Improves the domestic competitiveness Ã¢â¬ ¢Takes advantage of international trade innovation Ã¢â¬ ¢Increase sales and benefits Ã¢â¬ ¢Extend deals capability of the current items Ã¢â¬ ¢Maintain cost competitiveness in your local business sector Ã¢â¬ ¢Enhance potential for extension of your business Ã¢â¬ ¢Gains a worldwide market share Ã¢â¬ ¢Reduce reliance on existing markets Ã¢â¬ ¢Stabilize seasonal market fluctuations (Knorr, 1987). Absolute advantage AbsoluteRead MoreThe Uk Government Should Join The Euro1456 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesand evaluate whether or not I think that the UK government should join the euro and the advantages and disadvantages of being in the Eurozone. Additionally, I will be discussing and evaluating the exchange rate theory, the UKÃ¢â¬â¢s entry and withdrawal of Exchange Rate Mechanism (ERM 1) and which elements are included in the European Monetary System (EMS). The choice for the European Union to adopt a single currency for the European Community was first introduced in the 1970 Werner Report. This idea was
Thursday, May 14, 2020
ICT has a huge and large impact on the lives of most individuals. Ethical scrutiny is not properly established. Present ethics review techniques are not suited for most of the ethical issues that ICT is likely to cause in the future. Europe has the great opportunity to show international leadership by pointing the way to how human rights, ethical values and moral norms can be explicitly considered in technology development. The ETICA project (Ethical Issues of Emerging ICT Applications, GA 230318) shows up the basis for a new enlightened approach to the development, governance and use of emerging ICT. Introduction A major problem of the ethics of technology is that it tends to arrive very late. In many cases ethical issues are only recognised when the technology is already on the market and problems arise during its widespread use. Ethics can then become a tool to clean up an issue that might have been avoidable. It is probably not correct to say it would be desirable to have ethical input at the earlier steps of technology design and development. Indeed, there are ethical theories and steps that explicitly aim at an early integration of ethics into the technology life cycle (van den Hoven, 2008). One of the central problem of this type of approach is that the future is unknown. By defining this we actually do not know with certainty what will happen in the future and an ethics that depends on the future development needs to be able to answer the question of how it decidesShow MoreRelatedIct Ethics Issues in Malaysia638 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesThe development of technology which is getting great er and advance often leads to complex ethical, illegal, and societal issues. Thus there were many ethic centers developed in order to examine the implication of the moral principles into various fields that raise throughout the development of the technology such business ethics, engineering ethics, computer ethics, and medical ethics. Computer ethics or ICT ethics are not so much different of the human ethics, the different is how it is perform viaRead MoreThe Ethics For Ict Professional1685 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesCase Study: ABC Company is a banking company with hundreds of staffs working on different departments. This Company has IT department which maintains, monitors and supports all the IT related issues to the employee working there. IT Department of this company regularly monitors the internet traffic and maintains the logs of the visited websites to ensure and control the staffs from browsing any unwanted materials. Similarly IT Department is also allowed to check the private mail of the staffs toRead MoreIct : Ethical Dilemma Or Ethical Situation1137 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesTitle of the Topic:- Ethical Dilemma or Ethical Questionable situation related to ICT in newspaper or work place within last 6 months Worlds: - 700 Introduction:- In last 5 to 6 years there are very fast growing infrastructure with technology in Computer which changes the whole world scenario in many ways and all things are now rest on privacy , security that offering new tools to learning computer networks to students , professional and making digital world with lots of emerging technology. RecentRead MoreUsability, Interaction, And Visualization1090 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesand systems that can make ICTs more interoperable, including backward interoperability. Human Learning and Continuous Education The future of human learning affects trainee job performance and adult learning across organizational levels. The trends include sensitivity to cognitive and noncognitive aspects of learning, such as motivation, culture, and attitudes, among others (El Kadiri et al., 2015, p. 11). Scholars believed in the rise of widespread learning through ICTs, such as context-adaptiveRead MoreInformation And Communications Technologies ( Ict )1576 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesfor industry, but are these institutionsÃ¢â¬â¢ doing enough to fulfill their responsibilities? The IT Industry has indicated that graduates require a diverse set of skills (Calitz, Cullen, Greyling, 2014). Information and Communications Technologies (ICT) education is our societyÃ¢â¬â¢s efforts to teach its current and emerging students valuable knowledge and skills around computing and communications devices, the software that operates them, the applications that run on them and the systems that are builtRead MoreThe Ethical And Ethical Views Behind Computer Scientists1622 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThere has been a legitimate distinction between the moral and ethical views behind computer scientists being responsible for the action that they take upon the problems that they can face from the systems that they design. They must be faced with the codes of ethics and the morality issues in order to acknowledge the user about the responsibility that they must encounter in order for the use of technology. In the case of the technological society, the IT technology must include security measuresRead MorePakistan Procurement Of Ict Goods And Services Essay1588 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesNSW procure ment of ICT Goods and Services Introduction The NSW Government on an estimate spends over $1 Billion on Information and Communication Technology (ICT) goods and services annually. As a key purchaser for various suppliers, it is in power to control and dominate over the growth of the ICT industry around Australia. In the past decade, the NSW Government has made changes to the ICT procurement policy to provide a more predictable and simplified procurement process. The ICT Strategic Plan InRead MoreThe Procurement Of Ict Goods And Services Essay1642 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesNSWÃ¢â¬â¢s procurement of ICT Goods and Services Introduction The NSW Government on an estimate spends over $1 Billion on Information and Communication Technology (ICT) goods and services annually. As a key purchaser for various suppliers, it is in power to control and dominate over the growth of the ICT industry around Australia. In the past decade, the NSW Government has made changes to the ICT procurement policy to provide a more predictable and simplified procurement process. The ICT Strategic Plan InRead MoreTechnology And The Growth Of The Cognitive Abilities Of Children1688 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages Title: Yes, there are serious ethical issues associated with the use of technology among children. The topic is derived from the questions posed in part A of the assignment. Part A looked at the pros and cons of allowing children to use technology. Introduction General statement: The use of technology has triggered innovations and enhanced the skills of both children and adults. Background points Ã¯â · Defining technology (Manches, Duncan Plowman Sabeti, 2015). Ã¯â · Providing literature on the relationshipRead MoreCloud Computing And Ethics And Code Of Professional Conduct1253 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagessignificant change and influence to the world. It also raises numerous ethical issues. This essay will discuss the ethical issues regarding Cloud computing in line with Australian Computer SocietyÃ¢â¬â¢s Code of ethics and code of professional conduct. To achieve this, this essay will first provide a brief description of Cloud Computing followed by discussion of ethical issues of this technology. Possible solutions for these issues are last presented as the conclusion. Cloud computing is quickly evolving
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Practically in all his discourses, Plato wrote about the works of Socrates that acted as the main persona in his confabs. In PlatoÃ¢â¬â¢s laws and XenophonÃ¢â¬â¢s Hiero, a further wise man other than Socrates acted as the leader of the discourse. While having protagonist confabs in PlatoÃ¢â¬â¢s and XenophonÃ¢â¬â¢s works, Socrates tries to interrogate understanding of the further man on the aspect of morality. Socrates presented himself as a less knowledgeable person in the domain of moral issues to confuse the other person who boasts of being more knowledgeable on the same. Using this ironical approach Ã¢â¬âknown as the Socratic Irony -, Socrates was able to illustrate inconsistency of the other personÃ¢â¬â¢s views on morality. Although the early and middle works of Plato are considered as Socratic dialogue, understanding the composition and chronology of PlatoÃ¢â¬â¢s work is a bit complex since even the ancient sources do not present these works chronologically. Plato Ã¢â¬â¢s work basically involved posing questions and answers as a way of stimulating critical thinking. Defender of a particular point of view would be questioned, and then one of the parties would contradict himself in order to confuse his counterpart and in doing so, the defender would be made weak. Socrates discourses revolved around traditions, justice, afterlife and education. In light to this, this paper will unravel Socrates accounts balance AristophanesÃ¢â¬â¢ and XenophonÃ¢â¬â¢s on afterlife, justice and law, education and traditional practices. InShow MoreRelatedPlato s The Socratic Method2253 Words Ã |Ã 10 PagesPlato wrote nearly 30 dialogues, most of which focused on his predecessor, Socrates. His earlier works focused on Socrates Theories, or the Socratic method, while his later works focused on his own laws and Xenophon s Hiero. Some of Plato s dialogues include the Meno, Symposium, Republic, and the Phaedo. The Socratic method is a form of inquiry and discuss ion between individuals based on asking and answering questions to stimulate critical thinking and to generate ideas. This paper is going to
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Questions: 1. Why did Gorbachev choose the United Nations as his forum for this speech?2. What did Gorbachev mean by "de-ideologizing relations among states? What implications did this have for superpower relations?3. Why did he say that "force no longer can...be an instrument of foreign policy"? What implications did this have for the Soviet bloc?4. What did he foresee as the future role of the superpowers in the world and the future relationship between them? Answers: 1. In 1988, Mikhail Gorbachev, the USSR president at that time delivered a revolutionary and extraordinary speech at the United Nations General Assembly. He chose this forum for some specific reasons. The most fundamental and important reason was that the UN was promoting the global cooperation and peace at that time. This international organization was fully focused on repairing the damaged international relations between the countries and ensure peace and security for everyone around the globe. Gorbachev's speech also concentrated on the necessity of modest foreign policies and better international relations especially between the United States and the USSR (Walker, 2012). Moreover, the year of 1988 proved to be one of the most successful phases in the UN history in its attempt to promote global peace and security. Therefore, there could not be any better platform other than the UN assembly to convey the revolutionary notions that Gorbachev held. 2. During his speech, Mikhail Gorbachev demanded that the countries across the globe should reanalyze and re-evaluate their notions and perceptions because the paradigm of international notions has been shifted and therefore, it would be better to respond in accordance with that change (Gorbachev, 1988). Gorbachev realized that bitter international relations are results of the nations' tendency to stick to their traditional and outdated perceptions and fully disregard the notions of the other states. But the time had changed and the situation demanded that the states should not ideologize their own perceptions, rather they should try to cope up with the shift and adopt the positive changes as required. Gorbachev asserts that de-ideologization is a great factor in improving the relations between the states. This de-ideologization has a number of barriers but the most important one is the attempt to ensure the implementation of own notions and self by a state. But this cannot be soluti on. If the superpowers do not adopt to this view, then it would be very difficult to establish peaceful international relations because the militarism would not decrease and the whole world will continue to get threatened. Therefore, the superpower countries should redesign their notions and imply them properly. 3. Mikhail Gorbachev also asserted no problem can be solved by the help of force. He went on to say that force can never help the human civilization to progress towards prosperity in a peaceful and harmonious way. Acquisition of force is necessary to solve some problems but not all and in the changing scenario of the international relations, the exercise of force could only worsen the situation (Nedzarek, 2012). In order to establish a harmonious international relation with other nations, irrational framework of force acquisition should be sacrificed and excluded. Gorbachev stated that in order to be the pioneer of this path, the USSR will significantly decrease its armed mi litary installations along the borders of Eastern Europe and China. He also mentioned that the UUSR armed forces would decrease by about half a million soldiers by the year of 1990. Gorbachev also stated that the USSR will reduce the acquisition of nuclear powers so that the force can no longer be a threat to the global relations.4. Mikhail Gorbachev said that the superpowers have to come forward to show the world that an atmosphere of harmonious international relations can be established throughout the globe. He said that every superpower has to reassess their ideologized views, decrease the acquisition of power and force, and show respect toward the peaceful international relations so that the international rivalry can be turned into sensible competition (Gorbachev, 1990). Every nation should be given the freedom of choice. Most of the smaller countries tend to follow the notions of the superpower nations. Therefore, these steps should be implemented in order to improve the intern ational relations not only between the superpowers but also among all the countries across the world. References Gorbachev, M. (1988) Gorbachevs Speech to the U.N. December 7, 1988. Available at: https://astro.temple.edu/~rimmerma/gorbachev_speech_to_UN.htm (Accessed: 15 June 2016). Gorbachev, M. (1990) Perestroika and Soviet-American relations. Madison: Sphinx Press. Nedzarek, R. (2012) A critical evaluation of Mikhail Gorbachevs role in ending the cold war. Available at: https://www.e-ir.info/2012/07/30/a-critical-evaluation-of-the-role-of-mikhail-gorbachev-in-ending-the-cold-war/ (Accessed: 15 June 2016). Walker, M. (2012) From the archive, 8 December 1988: Gorbachev puts paid to Europes fears. Available at: https://www.theguardian.com/theguardian/2012/dec/08/archive-1988-gorbachev-europe-fears (Accessed: 15 June 2016).